Colours & the colour wheel explained

Using and reading the Colour Wheel:
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The colour wheel is a great guide used to understand the theory of colour and of mixing colours that go well together. So how does it work?
Find the 3 Primary Colours - Red, yellow and blue on the wheel. 

Notice how they are evenly split around the wheel.

Find the colour directly in between any two primary colours on the wheel. Example: Find - Yellow & Red the colour in between is Orange.

This colour (orange) is made my mixing two primaries either side. 

The same can be done with the other primary colours
R
ed & Blue = Violet
Yellow & Blue = Green




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The Colour Wheel:

Primary Colours: Red, yellow and blue.
These colours cannot be created from any other colours. All other colours are made and descended by combinations of these 3 colours.  


Secondary Colours: Green, orange and purple.

These are the colours formed by mixing the primary colours. 

  

Intermediate (Tertiary) Colours:
Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green & yellow-green.
These are the colours formed by mixing a primary and a secondary colour. See the top colour wheel for a better example.

Colour Harmonies:

Now you have an understanding of how to mix the colours. Now we move into understanding what colours look good together.

Harmony in colour can be defined as a pleasing arrangement of parts.

In painting, harmony is something that is pleasing to the eye. It engages the viewer and it creates a sense of order, a balance in the visual feel. When something is not harmonious, it's either boring or a confused messy feel. At one extreme is a visual experience that is so bland that the viewer is not engaged. The human brain will reject under-stimulating information. At the other extreme is a visual experience that is so overdone, so chaotic that the viewer can't stand to look at it.

To create a painting with Colour Harmony - requires that we present a logical structure with visual interest and a sense of order.

Colour harmonies are colours that go together.
 

Complementary Colours: Two colours on directly opposite sides of the colour wheel, which when placed next to each other make both appear brighter.

Triadic Harmony: Three colours spaced equally apart on the colour wheel.

Split Complementary: A colour and two colours next to its complement on the colour wheel.

Share and Enjoy

Tony Parker
www.FASpaints.com 



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